The B-vitamins are eight water-soluble vitamins that work together as co-enzymes to support multiple aspects of cellular function.* Several of the B-vitamins are intricately involved in the catabolic process of generating energy within cells, and inadequate intake in some or all of the B-vitamins may have a negative impact on energy generation.1*

B-vitamins include:

  • B1 (thiamin)
  • B2 (riboflavin)
  • B3 (niacin)
  • B5 (pantothenic acid)
  • B6 (pyridoxine)
  • B7 (biotin)
  • B9 (folate)
  • B12 (cobalamin)

Properties and mechanism of action

Thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, and pantothenic acid play a direct role in the formation of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), which captures chemical energy obtained from the breakdown of food molecules and releases it to fuel other cellular processes.1*

Vitamin B6 is involved in more than 100 enzyme reactions, mostly related to protein metabolism.* Vitamin B6 also supports cognitive development, and is involved in gluconeogenesis and glycogenolysis, immune function, and the formation of hemoglobin.2*

Biotin acts as a coenzyme for multiple carboxylases, which are important for metabolic processes.* Recently, biotin has been found to play a role in cell signaling and epigenetic regulation.3*

Folate coenzymes take part in a variety of reactions critical to the metabolism of nucleic acids and amino acids, and play an important role in regulating normal cell division.4*

Vitamin B12 is required for the development and function of the central nervous system, the formation of healthy red blood cells, and the synthesis of DNA.5*

Scientific support

Several studies have shown that supplementation with multivitamins containing a vitamin B complex may have significant benefits for brain function.1,6*

*These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.